It is a very common misunderstanding that a cold is caused by bacteria. In fact, a cold is usually caused by a virus, which means that if your doctor prescribes antibiotics, it will have no effect on your condition. Before I delve into simple prevention and treatment methods, it is important to know how the cold appears.
Why do you have a cold?
The most common form of transmission of a cold virus is not through coughing or sneezing, or walking barefoot in the rain, but through hand-to-hand contact. For example, a person with a cold licks his nose and then shakes hands with you; or your hand touches the same object. A viral cold can live on pens, computer keyboards, coffee cups, and other objects for hours, so in everyday life, you can easily get intimate contact with these viruses.
But it's important to remember that exposure to a cold virus does not necessarily catch a cold. If your immune system is at its best, in fact, it can easily help you stop the virus without getting sick. Conversely, if your immune system is compromised, there is no doubt an “open policy” on the virus that can easily control your body. So the answer is simple: you have a cold because the immune system is not functioning. There are many reasons for the low immune function:
Have eaten polysaccharides and grains
2. insufficient rest
3. Failure to effectively manage emotional stress in daily life
4. Lack of vitamin D (described in detail below)
5. Any combination of the above factors
Lack of vitamin D: another major cause of colds
Studies have confirmed that colds and flu may be a potential symptom of vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D is an effective antimicrobial agent that produces 200 to 300 different antimicrobial peptides in the body, killing bacteria, viruses and fungi. If the vitamin D content is up to standard, it will significantly affect your immune response, which is more likely to cause respiratory infections such as colds and flu.
The best source of vitamin D is sunlight. But for most of us, it seems unlikely that we will enjoy the sun exposure in the winter. However, we should do everything possible to get vitamin D from ultraviolet light, because this method can also bring other than vitamin D. benefit. The best way to follow is safe indoor sunbathing equipment. If natural daylight and artificial daylight are not practical for you, oral vitamin D3 supplements are a good way to do it – just be careful, as more and more evidence suggests that supplements are not comparable to sun exposure because UV rays provide Many of the health benefits are obtained through the inability to pass supplements.
According to the latest research, many experts agree that humans need 35 international units (IU) of vitamin D per pound of body weight. This recommendation also includes children, the elderly and pregnant women.
However, the demand for vitamin D varies from person to person, because vitamin D content depends on many factors, such as skin tone, your location, and how much sunlight you can reach in your daily life. So while these suggestions can bring you closer to what most people need, in reality, a general recommendation is unlikely to meet everyone's needs.
The only way to determine the optimal amount is to perform a blood test. Ideally, your vitamin D content should be maintained at 50-70 ng/ml per ml throughout the year.
How long does the cold last? How to quickly treat a cold?
Most simple colds last for eight to nine days, but 25% of the colds last for two weeks, and 5% to 10% of the colds last for three weeks. Even the most stubborn cold can usually be cured within a few weeks; this is one of the ways to distinguish between colds and allergies. A cold lasts for a few weeks, but allergy symptoms may last for a whole year.
Your recovery rate usually depends on your collective living habits. This does not mean that you are taking over-the-counter cough and cold medicines or antipyretics. In fact, as long as your body temperature is below 38.9 degrees Celsius (102 degrees Fahrenheit), you do not need a fever. Cold viruses do not reduce or increase your body temperature, so a mild fever will help you get rid of the virus faster and return to normal in less time.
You should also avoid taking over-the-counter analgesics because studies have shown that taking aspirin and tylosol (acetaminophen) often prevents the body from producing antibodies that kill the cold virus. Aspirin is even associated with numerous pulmonary complications, including pulmonary edema, which can lead to abnormal accumulation of fluid in the lungs if excessive aspirin is consumed. You should take these medications only when absolutely necessary, for example, if your body temperature is above 40.5 degrees Celsius (105 degrees Fahrenheit), or if you are experiencing severe muscle pain or weakness.
Dietary method for treating colds
If you feel you have a cold or flu, you should not eat any sugar, artificial sweeteners or processed foods. Sugar damage to the immune system is very large. In order to fight against the upcoming viral infection, your immune system should "work hard" and not be inhibited. Therefore, if you are fighting a cold, you should avoid sugar like plague, which includes sugar and even grains in the juice (which will break down into sugar in the body).
If you have a cold, take advantage of all the factors that can cure the cold, including adjusting your diet and adding more foods that boost your immune response. These factors will be detailed in the table below.
Three lifestyle strategies to cure colds
Vitamin D, yes! Hydrogen peroxide, yes! Healthy eating is also true! This article will explore several "weapons" to help you win the war against colds. Of course, you can also use many other "weapons", which are not discussed here.
1. High quality adequate sleep: pay attention to your sleep. If you don't have enough sleep, or don't have a good restorative sleep, there is a chance for malicious viruses to attack your body. To ensure a good night's sleep, you can build the most powerful immune system.
2. Regular exercise: Regular exercise is an important way to increase disease resistance. There is evidence that moderate exercise can strengthen the immune system and reduce the risk of respiratory diseases. In fact, one study found that people who exercise regularly (every Friday or more) have a 50% lower risk of catching a cold. However, if you are already feeling unwell, do not exercise excessively. Because this actually puts more pressure on the body and thus suppresses the immune system, which is what you don't want to see. If you have a cold, go for a walk, or you can simply reduce the intensity of regular exercise.
3. Resolve emotional stress: Emotional stress factors may make you more susceptible to the virus and make the symptoms of the cold worse. Find ways to manage your daily stress and help build a strong and resilient immune system.
Supplements can also drive off pathogens
Supplements can also play a role in the treatment of colds, but they can only serve as an aid to lifestyle interventions discussed in this article.
Remember one thing: wash your hands in the right way
To remove bacteria and viruses and reduce the chance of getting sick, washing your hands often is one of the easiest ways. Washing your hands is a very important precaution because the chances of passing your infection through a handshake are far more than kissing someone.
Just wash your hands with plain soap and water. Do not use antibacterial cleaners erroneously because the widespread use of such cleaners results in the formation of drug-resistant strains or “superbugs” so that when such antibacterial cleansers are really needed (eg surgeons before surgery), Instead, it lost its effect. In addition, the active ingredient in most antibacterial agents is triclosan, an antibacterial agent that kills bacteria and inhibits bacterial growth. But triclosan not only kills bacteria, but studies have confirmed that it can also kill human cells.
Excessive hand washing may be counterproductive
You also need to remember another major item. Your skin is the main barrier to bacteria, not soap. Don't be overly fascinated by washing your hands. If you wash your hands too often, it will remove the protective oil from the skin, causing the skin to rupture and bleed. Bacteria are not a big problem for your skin, and only when these bacteria are transferred to your nose, mouth or bare wounds (such as cracked skin) can cause health problems. Therefore, excessive hand washing actually causes potentially dangerous pathogens to enter the body, which is counterproductive.
Avoid using antibiotics!
More than 300 viruses can cause colds, so every time a cold is caused by a very different virus (eg, adenovirus, rhinovirus, parainfluenza, coronavirus, etc.). The virus is smaller than the bacteria. It is a tiny collection of genetic material wrapped in a layer of protein.
Currently, no single drug can kill these viruses. Antibiotics, including penicillin, do not work directly on the virus, but unfortunately, many doctors prescribe this drug in excess of the prescription for this useless purpose. In addition, many livestock use excessive antibiotics, which combine to cause a sharp rise in antibiotic-resistant diseases.
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