In the IELTS test, compared with the big composition, the small composition is characterized by relatively fixed questions, a single structure, and very similar content. Therefore, as long as the students learn a certain routine, they can quickly improve the small composition in a short time. The score. Here is the full dry goods!
The school sister will teach you how to overcome the essays, and the key words and sentences need to be remembered.
The structure of IELTS's small composition is generally composed of three parts: introduction at the beginning, analysis of intermediate data, and summary at the end.
The usual way to start the paragraph is to rewrite the information in the title (do not copy the original sentence).
First, determine the verb . Once you have identified the verbs, you can continue to conceive the next step in writing. At the same time, the change in verbs can most clearly make the changer know that you are not copying the questions.
Take Test 3 in Cambridge Zhenti 4 as an example:
The chart below shows the different levels of post-school qualifications in
Australia and the proportion of men and women who held them in 1999.
The verb in the title is show, so don't use show again in writing, we can replace it with the following sentence:
Illustra/depicts/demonstrates that ...
The chart provides/presents/gives information about ...
This is a graph which describes/illustrates ...
This is a bar chart showing ...
The chart illustrates how ...
According to the chart,...
As is shown in the chart,...
As can be seen from the chart,...
There are two main ways to rewrite: the replacement of verbs and the replacement of sentence patterns.
Second, rewrite key information . This step is more flexible and can be implemented using a variety of methods, such as synonym replacement, part of speech replacement, sentence change, multiple information combinations, and so on.
Take Test1 of Cambridge Zhenti Set 4 as an example:
The table below shows the proportion of different categories of families
living in poverty in Australia.
It is known from the title that this question is about different categories of families in poverty in Australia. The keyword group is the proportion of different categories of families living in poverty. So how do you rewrite this phrase?
The first thing we can do is synonym replacement. The categories in the title can be replaced by types.
Secondly, the problem is directly in living in poverty, then we can add this as a complete clause.
Therefore, the first paragraph can be written as follows: The chart describes 6 different types of families who were
living in poverty in Australia in 1999.
Main body segment
Graphical essays are mainly divided into four types: line type, column shape, pie shape and table. The usage of each sentence has subtle differences, but the difference is not big. Therefore, in order to facilitate everyone's memory, the school sister mainly talks about the necessary sentence patterns from the three aspects of time expression, data analysis and trend analysis. Everyone should remember well.
Between... and.../from...to... from...to...
Throughout ... during the ...
At the beginning of ... at the beginning of
By the end/middle of ... in the middle / some time ago
From then on/from... onwards starts with
For at least ... at least...
In ... specific time points, such as in 1987
In the following ... How much time after
Represent / account for / make up / constitute / comprise ratio
Above/over/more than more
Less than/below less than
Overtake more than
...times more than.../twofold, threefold/twice, double, triple multiple
Range ...from... in the range of...to...
in contrast contrary
by contrast In comparison
rank second the first of several
ahead of / followed by prior ...
at the top of the list ranking
Increase/rise/grow from...to.../ soar/shoot up
Show/start/see a upward trend
Decrease/drop/ decline from...to.../ shrink
Show/start a downward trend
bottom out / reach the bottom the lowest point
Reach a plateau/level off/level out to a smooth point
Remains steady/high remains stable/high
Stay the same between... and ... remain unchanged during
To a large extent:
The degree is small:
The end of the chart composition is a summary of the data analysis of the main segment. It is important to note that the content of the main segment is not repeated. Students can use the following phrases to summarize:
It indicates that...
Generally speaking, one or two sentences can be used.
Take Test1 of Cambridge Reality Set 5 as an example:
The graph below shows the proportion of the population aged 65 and over
between 1940 and 2040 in three different countries.
When we saw this picture, the most obvious impression was that in Japan, Sweden, and the United States, the proportion of people over the age of 65 has risen and fallen in the 100 years from 1940 to 2040, but the overall trend It’s all rising, so we’ll focus on this when we’re summarizing it.
Therefore, we can write: Overall the proportion of older people has increased up to now and will still grow until 2040.
Here to teach you a little trick, look at the chart in the summary, select the most obvious features to write, which is accurate and saves time.
1. The main tense of the IELTS chart composition is the past tense , and it may also occur when the current present time or the past is completed. Generally speaking, the specific past time is not present in the title and the chart, nor is it used to tell you that this is the past data. In the past, it mainly appeared after this preposition, for example: By 2007, the average oil price had more than doubled. The forecast is in the future, but this happens very rarely.
2. Do not have the first person in the chart composition, because the first person will make people doubt the authenticity and reliability of the data.
3. When analyzing data, it is best to choose representative data, such as extreme values and turning points. There must be a trend to reflect the trend of data development.
4. When using a small composition, it is best to control it within 20 minutes. The number of words must be enough. Otherwise, it will not be high if it is written well. This is a lesson from the blood of the school sister o (╥_╥)o