"The book has its own gold house, and the book has its own Yan Ruyu." This should be the most familiar assessment of the value of reading. In fact, these two famous poems are from the "Enlightenment" of Song Zhenzong Zhao Heng. The whole poem is like this:
Rich families do not have to buy good fields, and there are thousands of millennia in the book.
There is no need to stand tall in the house, and there is a gold house in the book.
Going out to hate no one to follow, the book is full of cars and horses.
Wife and hate no good media, the book has its own Yan Ruyu.
The man wants to live in peace, and the five classics read to the window.
So after reading the whole poem, you will find that reading becomes more attractive. In the original book, there are not only gold houses and Yan Ruyu, but also thousands of mills and cars and horses. In today's era, that is the peak of life in the book.
Maybe someone has to say, your mentality is too utilitarian, right? Isn't the pursuit of reading a spiritual enjoyment without asking for a solution?
I want to say that reading is also divided into two. One of them is to enjoy the spiritual enjoyment of temperament. For example, if you read Tang poetry and Song poetry, you read the Dream of Red Mansions, which is a way of enjoying life; and another kind of reading is called utilitarian reading, but I think it is called practical reading. More appropriate, it is to learn and learn from others' experiences and knowledge through reading, so as to solve problems in your life and work .
Especially in today's information explosion, technology is advancing rapidly, we need to learn practical reading skills and methods to deal with the world.
Many people often fall into this kind of self-doubt: Why do I clearly read a lot of books, but my life is not good at all? In fact, it is very likely that you did not have a good reading method and did not absorb the knowledge in the book. When it comes to reading methods, Da Yan Junzhi's "Practical Reading Guide" is dedicated to solving this problem. It can really teach you how to get knowledge through reading, and turn the knowledge of white and black into the life you use to change your life. Ability .
Da Yan Jun Zhi, a person who has mastered the method of reading. However, what is interesting is that during his student days, he did not like reading, and his reading comprehension skills were quite poor. This state lasted until the age of thirty, and all the changes occurred when he saw such a sentence: successful people are all booksellers. He is preparing for entrepreneurship. He regards reading as a shortcut to entrepreneurial success. He chose to study crazy and read 300 books in a year. However, at that time, he read many books like many of us, but always felt. I forgot when I finished reading, and my life has not changed.
Therefore, he began to reflect and began to find reasons. He participated in many reading training classes and practiced a lot of reading methods. He finally became a lecturer, and he has been working on a set of practical reading techniques that will allow more people to easily turn the knowledge in the book into abilities. And this method is all in this book.
Going to school with a goal
Just like doing anything else, we must set a goal before reading.
It’s like visiting a supermarket. If you don’t have any goals, you may just stroll from the entrance and walk to the exit without any gain; but if you list a lot early, for example, you need to buy greens, milk, biscuits. ..., then when you enter the supermarket, you will go straight to the vegetable area, the drink area, the non-food area..., clean and neat, you can find what you want without taking a detour.
The same is true for reading. Before we read, we need such a list. You need to list, at least in your mind, a clear goal. What is your reading for this book? What is the problem?
For example, you want to know how to read quickly? For example, do you want to solve the problem of nervous speech? For example, you want to know how to write a copy? ...... Wait, etc. We often read books because we want to solve a problem, so we better define our own goals at the beginning and go to school with our own problems. Only then will you be more focused and not easy to walk away and be sleepy.
Then there is a question next, how can we quickly find the answer to our question ? This requires us to learn to focus.
Go to the supermarket, if you want to buy milk, you will definitely not stay in the stationery area. But when we read a book, we often make such mistakes. When we read the sentence one sentence at a time, we waste too much time on irrelevant information. We must know that the important content of a book only accounts for 20% of the whole book, which is 20%. The most important thing is only 4%. To read efficiently, we have to find this 4% focus .
So how do you focus on the specifics? Da Yan Junzhi gives three steps:
- Be clear about the goals of reading this book, and identify your own problems and answers you want;
- Browse the preface, catalogue, postscript, quickly browse the subtitles and keywords in the book, clarify the structure of the book, and find key chapters;
- Read the key chapters carefully and solve the problem.
To implement these three steps, we must have an important idea. We must make clear that practical books do not need to be read from beginning to end. Instead, we must extract useful information for ourselves and learn to decisively abandon the book. Quickly find the methods and answers you need, with the necessary parts.
Remember the contents of the book through mind maps
Then through step one we have found what we need, then how do we remember? The method given in the Practical Reading Guide is to remember through mind mapping.
Mind maps, also called mind maps, are effective graphical thinking tools for expressing divergent thinking. Mind maps are a way to visualize thoughts. We know that radioactive thinking is the natural way of thinking of the human brain. Compared with the traditional way of taking notes, the mind map is more concise and intuitive, and more in line with human nature's way of thinking, not only at a glance, but also improve memory.
So for a book, how do we specifically do the mind map?
There are two ways, one is relatively simple, which is to summarize the chapters, titles, subheadings, and keywords of a book in order, and to expand the structure of a book in a complete way. Like a topographic map, with such a mind map, you can recall the main content of each part of the book in time by seeing related titles and keywords.
The other is to extract the focus of this book, the knowledge of solving your problem, and make a mind map. Then this mind map should look like this: take the book as the center, the first branch that extends out is the problem you want to solve, and the extension is the answer you find in this book, record the key The point, this is all the essence you should draw from this book.
Act quickly, transform knowledge into ability
I found the knowledge points and recorded them. The last and most important step is to use them.
Just like, you go to the supermarket to buy milk, but if you don't drink it after you take it home, then even if the milk is no longer nutritious, it will be of no benefit to you. This is like having a foot on the door, knowledge is used, or it is a bunch of meaningless words.
How to use it specifically?
The book also gives a set of methods, there are three keywords, goals, digitization, and refinement .
In detail, after reading a book and finding the answer to the problem, you need to set a goal for action. For example, if you read this practical reading guide , you are going to read it, so the goal is Use the method in the book to read .
But such a goal is not enough, we still need to digitize the goal. For example, the following two goals: "I will use this method to study in the future", "I will use the book reading method to read a book in the next week, and write a book before 8:00 on the weekend. In the book review , there is no doubt that the latter goal of digitization and specificization is more instructive than the former.
The last step is to refine the goal, the finer the better, the more detailed the practical little action . For example, the above goal, then you can continue to refine the goal: first prepare the book to read, first determine how much to read every day after reading a week? Do a good job of reading time every day for the next week...
In general, when we set goals, the more representative, the smaller, the easier it is to operate, the easier it is to achieve . For example, if you want to exercise, your goal is to have a good body after one year. This kind of goal is far less than good. It is useful to do 10 sit-ups before going to bed every night.
To sum up, through the above three steps, you can really smash a book and learn what you really have.
In the whole process, what you need to do is: spend 10-20 minutes before reading, seriously think about the purpose of reading this book and the problems you want to solve, it is best to write it down; Clear the structure of the article, find the key points, draw the mind map; after reading, take action, connect the knowledge points in the book, connect with your work and life, use it to solve your own problems, and the more refined the action, the better .
A good book is more like a guide. You need to understand his intentions and follow his instructions. He will go forward step by step, instead of waiting for the gold house and Yan Ruyu to descend from the sky.