Bordeaux is a wine sacred place. There are countless villages, including 1855 Grand Cru Classe en 1855, Saint-Emilion Grand Cru Classe and Graflet Class. Grand Cru Classe de Graves) and more. Among the many famous villages, there are several wineries representing the top level of Bordeaux wines, and they are collectively known as the “Bordeaux Eight Famous Villages”. Which wineries are included in this legendary eight famous villages?
First, 1855 first-class Zhuang - Lafite Castle
The phrase “Lafite with 82 years of bottle” made Chateau Lafite Rothschild popular in China and became the representative of high-end wines. This popular city is located in the village of Pauillac in Medoc. Its history dates back to the 13th century, but its true size began in the 17th century with the arrival of the Segur family. The family also owned famous castles such as Chateau Latour and Chateau Mouton Rothschild. Under the care of the Segour family, Lafite Castle became the top famous village, and was rated as a first-class village without any controversy when it was graded in 1855.
In 1868, one of the world's most influential families, the Rothschild Family, bought the Lafite Castle and has been operating ever since. As early as the 18th and 19th centuries, Lafite Castle wines were loved by political figures, including former US Presidents Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, and Marcelal de Richelieu. ). Among them, Marshal Richelieu once said: "I found the delicious, mellow and sweet of Lafite, comparable to the nectar of the Olympus gods."
We often say that "Lafite" refers to the brand of wine, while "Carruades de Lafite" refers to the brand of wine. The brand of wine usually has the aromas of black currant, cedar, tobacco, truffles and pencil lead, with elegant and delicate characteristics. In addition to the 1982, the most famous vintage of the world, the best years of Lafite Castle in recent years include 2008, 2009, 2010, 2015 and 2016.
In 2016, the brand's wines not only received the full score of James Suckling, but also became the “Annual Wine” in the most popular 2016 wine list on the London International Wine Exchange (Liv-ex). Of The Vintage). The proportion of Merlot in the sub-brand wine is higher, usually between 30% and 50%, so the style is softer.
Second, 1855 first-class Zhuang - Latour Castle
Latour Castle is a French national treasure winery with a strong and powerful wine, like a burly emperor. According to the literature, the location of the winery in the 14th century was a fort, known as the "Tower of Saint Lambert". Subsequently, it was renamed "La Tour", which is the current name of Latour Castle. Later, the tower disappeared into the war. In 1759, in order to commemorate this history, the owner of Latour Castle rebuilt a new tower, after which it became a symbol of the winery.
Latour Castle entered the boom period and was also in charge of the 17th century Segur family. The family invested a lot of money to make the winery shine. In the 18th century, Latour Castle was already famous, not only the royal palace of France, but even the American President Thomas Jefferson. When grading in 1855, the winery was also selected as a first-class village without any suspense. In 1963, the Segur family sold the winery to the British, but then in 1993, the founder of the famous Kaining Group, Francois Pinault, purchased the castle of Latour. .
The three wines produced by Latour Castle are called “one door three masters”. The authentic wines are made only from the “Enclos” grapes, which have the best terroir conditions. The wine has a strong sense of strength and depth, and the ageing potential is excellent. The grapes selected for the second wine are also carefully selected, and the proportion of Merlot is also higher, so the style is more feminine than the original wine. The three-brand wine is mainly made from the grape vines of the younger vines. The wine is dominated by fruit and is easy to eat.
It is worth mentioning that Latour Castle announced in 2012 that it will withdraw from the En Primeur system and store the new vintage in the wine cellar for ripening. Usually, the wine of the winery needs to be kept for 8 to 10 years before it can be marketed. After a long period of ageing, the authentic cocktails evolved into complex subtle aromas and softer tannins. The recent good vintages of Latour Castle's authentic wines include the 2000, 2005, 2009 and 2010 years, all of which have received a full evaluation of James Sacklin.
Third, 1855 first-class Zhuang - Hou Bo Wang Manor
Located in Pessac-Leognan, Chateau Haut-Brion is the only manor in the 1855 class that is not in Médoc. In the first growth of the First Growth, Hou Bo Wang Manor is the oldest and most aristocratic. In the history of the winery in the past six centuries, there have been five families, including royal aristocrats, political figures, celebrities and business giants. In 1935, the US financial giant Clarence Dillon earned the income of Houbo Wang Manor.
The winery has been inherited for four generations in the Dillon family. The background of each generation is not simple. The second generation of the owner, Douglas Dillon, served as the US ambassador to France and later as the Kennedy government. The Minister of Finance; the third generation of the owner, Joan Dillon, is the Princess of Prince Charles of Luxembourg, while the current owner is the Prince Robert of Luxembourg. After the acquisition of Houbo Wang Manor, the Emperor Dragon family built a modern fermentation plant and a large wine cellar, replacing the brewing equipment, enabling the winery to continue to produce Bordeaux top wines. In the 1959 Grafley class, the king of Hou Bo was re-elected to the ranks of the village, and he was in the limelight.
The Houbo Wang Manor produces a total of 3 wines, namely a pair of red wine and a white wine. The authentic wine is as full of charm as a mature woman in the old age, and constantly trying to find new aromas is intoxicating. The 2016 year's Hou Bo Wang Zheng brand wine was well received by James Sacklin and Jean-Marc Quarin, and both wine critics thought it was an excellent work that could not be surpassed. Although the sub-brand wine is a deck of cards, it can find the epitome of the brand-name liquor, and the price is more affordable than the brand-name liquor. The white wine produced by Hou Bo Wang Manor is one of the best white wines in Bordeaux and even in the world. Its fragrant and smooth taste makes it comparable to Burgundy's top white wines.
Fourth, 1855 first-class Zhuang - Margaux Winery
Chateau Margaux is located in the village of Margaux in Médoc and is a member of the top five. The history of the winery dates back to the 12th century, when the manor was known as the “La Mothe de Margaux”. The manor was formally established after the 16th century Lestonnac family became a master. Subsequently, with the unremitting efforts of several generations of innovative owners, the Chateau Margaux lived up to expectations and became the top winery in Bordeaux. In 1855, it was successfully selected as a first-class village.
Currently, the winery is managed by the female head Corinne Mentzelopoulos. In the centuries of history, Margaux's wines have captured the favor of many celebrity politicians, including Napoleon Bonaparte, Thomas Jefferson, and Iron Maiden Margaret Thatcher. (Margaret Thatcher).
Margaux produces a total of 4 wines, including 3 red wines and 1 white wine. The brand-name wine is the signature of the winery. It has an incomparable aroma. The style is very delicate and elegant. It is more delicate and complicated after ageing. It has been awarded Robert Parker's full score four times, and the latest 2015 and 2016 years have been close to the full score of the Parker team and James Saxlin, the strength is extraordinary. The Pavillon Rouge du Chateau Margaux is made with the same craftsmanship as the real wine, rich in fruit and tannins and finely structured; the Pavillon Blanc du Chateau Margaux is 100% long Sauvignon Blanc is a sophisticated, complex finish with a long finish and is a representative of quality white wines. The three-brand wine was brewed in 1997 and is only available to markets such as the UK, France and the US.
Five, 1855 first-class Zhuang - Moutong winery
Chateau Mouton Rothschild is also located in the village of Pauillac, dating back to the 18th century, but the leaping development of the winery was in 1922, after Baron Philippe was officially in charge. In the 1855 grading, Mouton Winery was named Second Growth, and Baron Philip was not satisfied with this. He decided to develop the winery into the world's top winery. In the end, the winery was upgraded to a first-class village in 1973.
In the five major first-class villages, Mouton Winery is the most artistic. Since 1945, the winery has invited famous artists to design new wine labels for Mouton Winery, including some famous artists such as Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dali and Andy. · Andy Warhol, etc. This has become one of the symbols of Mouton Winery.
The authentic wine of Mouton Winery is both powerful and elegant, and the wine is pure and intoxicating. The latest 2017 vintage wine has been highly praised by many wine critics, and Jeff Leve, editor-in-chief of The Wine Cellar Insider, scored 98-100 points for it. Petit Mouton, the deputy brand, has been eye-catching in the market in recent years and has attracted more and more attention from consumers.
Sixth, Bordeaux wine king - Bertus winery
Petrus is located in Pomerol on the Right Bank. Although it has no ratings, it does not prevent it from becoming a proud Bordeaux wine king. First of all, this winery only produces one wine, no sub-brand wine. Second, in bad years, the winery will give up the wine directly, such as 1991. In terms of vineyard management, the Petrus winery is also very capricious. In the wet year, the winery directly uses helicopters to dry the grapes. At the time of harvest, the winery will employ nearly 200 workers to carry out 2 to 3 rounds of screening and harvesting of the grapes. At the time of brewing, the Bartus winery replaced the oak barrels every three months, which greatly increased the cost. It can be said that it is this self-willed character that has created the status of the winery "wine king".
The red wine of the Petrus winery is made from 100% Merlot. It expresses Merlot to the extreme, soft and structured, with the flavor of black currant, blackberry, mint and chocolate. The finish is quite long. The wine was once the wedding wine of Princess Elizabeth and the coronation of Queen Elizabeth. Introduced to the United States in the 1960s, this wine was praised by US President Kennedy at the time. It has received Parker's full scores six times, in 1989, 1990, 2000, 2009, 2010 and 2015. Its annual output does not exceed 30,000 bottles, and it is often difficult to find a bottle in the market.
Seven, Saint-Emilion first-class A and other wineries - White Horse Winery
Chateau Cheval Blanc is one of the Premier Grand Cru Classe A wineries and is currently owned by the French luxury goods group Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton ). The winery is now managed by the Lurton Family, a wine family that hosts many of the most famous wineries and manages many famous wineries. The name of the White Horse Winery is said to be related to King Henry, who is riding the white horse. One is that the King often rides his white love to this, and the other is where the winery was once the place where the king raised his love. The archives show that the vineyards of the White Horse Winery began to grow grapes in the 15th century, but the winery was actually formed in 1871.
The vineyards of Baima Winery are 39 hectares and are divided into 45 plots. Each plot has different characteristics, but there are mainly three soil types, namely fine clay, coarse gravel and imperfections. Many large gravel of sand. The wines of the White Horse Winery combine the characteristics of these three soils, combining strong and elegant styles, which are fascinating both in youth and in adulthood. In addition, the winery loves the Cabernet Franc variety, which has a 50% or more proportion of Cabernet Francs in most vintages, giving the wine its unique aroma and flavor.
When it comes to the White Horse Winery, you have to mention the 1947 vintage. Parker has scored three times for this legendary white horse and called it "the crown of all the millionaire collectors' wine cellars."
Eight, Saint-Emilion first-class A and other wineries - Ouyi Winery
Chateau Ausone has a rich history of viticulture dating back to the Roman period more than 2,000 years ago. It is said that the famous Roman poet Ausonius was a wine lover. He opened up a lot of vineyards. The garden where Ou was located was the former residence of the poet.
The name "Ausone" in the name of the winery was transformed from the poet's name "Ausonius", so Ou's winery has always been known as the "poet's wine". Historically, Ou Wen winery has been in the hands of several families, such as Catenat, Lafargue and Challon, and ultimately belongs to the Vauthier family, now by Alan. Alain Vauthier takes care of it. The Ou winery uses biodynamic methods to manage the vineyards. Like the Baima Winery, the winery also favors Cabernet Franc, and the vineyards of Cabernet Franc in the vineyards are over 65%. The oldest Cabernet Franc is 106 years old and is especially precious.
The most striking feature of the wines of the European winery is that it usually takes more than 10 years to enter the drinking period. The wine has a fresh and pure aroma when it is young, and it has a strong body and a style similar to the Médoc region. After the ageing, the tannins became softer and the aroma became more attractive. The wine's latest 2017 vintage has won the high scores of the Park Parker team and Jeff River 97-99, continuing the winery's consistent superior quality.
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