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Hamilton: Jian pen


I first knew that Alexander Hamilton was reading Federal Theory six years ago. So far I have clearly remembered the idea when I opened the book: "Who is Hamilton? How did he write so many articles? How did Madison write this?" There is a kind of money to listen to Michael Jackson, and I sing to me. The feeling of Justin Bieber.

Once I read it, I was shocked by the powerful words of this unheard-of age. For a long time, I have unilaterally thought that the core goal of the US Constitution is to restrict government power and decentralize power to the state as much as possible to prevent the possibility of central authority. Living in the context of China, this concept clearly has a more special appeal. Unexpectedly, however, the expectation of listening to the US founding sages and why it is necessary to limit central power is to promote the cry of strengthening state power.

What surprised me even more is that, with one reading and one reading, Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay carefully analyzed the pros and cons of different systems from the perspectives of legislation, administration, justice, polity, and diplomacy. Consequences, abundant arguments and elegant and powerful language opened up a new vision for me: the original governance of the country is such a sophisticated work, and it is not a single concept, it can be done with enthusiasm.

The United States, which just finished the War of Independence, is determined to become a "freedom country" that is unparalleled in the world. Therefore, the fear of authoritarian rule has reached a point of neuroticism: quite a part of the people feel that the work of the central government only needs to coordinate the states, and there is no need to stay in the parliament; the central government cannot have monopoly tariff collection rights, and the central government should be voluntary from the states. Turn in; do not need a standing army, national defense only needs militia; the navy is also unnecessary. There are also financial institutions, diplomatic power, the House of Representatives, and so on. The central power set that we now take for granted is seen as a threat to freedom in the eyes of Americans at that time.

Such a country simply cannot operate: it is always on the verge of bankruptcy, public facilities are unrepaired; veterans’ pensions cannot be issued for a long time, rebellion is overwhelming; international status is low, and it is seen as a joke by European powers; rich businessmen and pro-British Tories are unbearable The frenzied "children of freedom" threatened to flee with their money, adding to the already poor countries. Even Washington has doubts about whether this new country can live for 20 years, but Jefferson does not care. He even thinks that a revolution will help the country to clean up. From him, I have seen the light of Chairman Mao.

Hamilton, who is most alert to the mob, certainly can’t sit idly by. Although the constitution drafted by the Philadelphia Constitutional Convention is far removed from his ideals, he still fully supports the overall situation. Returning to New York State, in one of the states with the most anti-federal constitutional climate (the other is Virginia), he is determined to use his own power to reverse the situation and push the constitution to pass in the state. Therefore, there is a glorious collection of the "Federal Theology".

After reading the original biography of Ron Chernow's "Hamilton", I used Lin Manur Miranda for a long song of more than six minutes, "Non-Stop". At the end of the first act, the story is described as unsatisfactory: history is more exciting than this song.

How do you write like you're/ Running out of time?/ Write day and night like you're/ Running out of time?

How do you write like tomorrow won't arrive?/ How do you write like you need it to survive?/ How do you write ev'ry second you're alive?/ Ev'ry second you're alive? Ev'ry Second you're alive?

Hamilton has been fighting for the rest of his life. In order to make up for his time lost because of his family's poverty, he always works several times more efficiently than mortals. Due to the long absence of Jay, Hamilton has raised his work efficiency to an unprecedented height. He has to deal with a large number of litigation needs, and he has to submit a manuscript every three days. Once, he sent six articles a week. His books are full of records of stationery such as quill, parchment, and pencil sharpener. The talented Hamilton writing style is like Mozart, and it doesn't need to be modified in one go. The other author, Madison, was also very hard. Often the lead type worker was in the first half of the article, and he wrote half of it on the side.

The wonderful "Federal Theory" is Hamilton's greatest writing heritage to the United States. At the next meeting of the New York State to vote on the federal constitution, he was almost a six-week nonsense generous statement, and finally convinced dozens of anti-federalists to turn their backs, with a slight advantage of 30 votes to 27 votes. (The smallest advantage in the constitutional appraisal conferences of the states) passed the Constitution.

The New Yorkers made a nine-meter-long miniature frigate, which was pulled by ten horses and slowly moved along Broadway. This ship was named "Federation Battleship Hamilton". At that moment, Hamilton, who had never taken the initiative to please the people, was the most enthusiastic moment in the life. Since then, he has never enjoyed such a privilege in his lifetime - until 228, in the same street, a musical reawakened the Americans' love for the long-forgotten father.