Suggestions on English Acquisition of Family Environment
(1) Creating a family environment for English acquisition needs to follow the principle of “four entours”
The so-called "four-accompanied" refers to anytime, anywhere. If you want your child to learn English, you must imitate the learning environment of your mother tongue. First of all, parents should clearly understand that the acquisition process is a conscious and unconscious learning process for parents. When you speak English to your child, you can talk to your child whenever and wherever you want. Unless limited by conditions, try not to limit a specific time and specific environment in which you speak English to your child. Teaching children English is not the responsibility of a family member. It is best for the whole family to work together to create an English learning environment for their children. No matter who brings the children, when you are with your child, you should speak English as much as possible. When family members communicate with each other, you can try to achieve the best Chinese-English bilingual communication. This is the principle of being with you whenever and wherever you want. What you mean by doing is to talk about what you can speak English and speak English. You will say a few words in a few words, and you will say a few words in a few words. It doesn't matter if you mix Chinese and English.
For example, our mother and old lady often speak English with cotton and cotton. If they can't think of it or don't say it, they will go to the wall to find it. This is not embarrassing, anyway, the child is small, do not know what you are doing. Dad doesn't speak English at home, but occasionally it takes a few words. If we say "yes" or "no", everyone can understand, so I can say as much as possible. When we sing at home, we try our best to sing English songs. This is not afraid of running.
In addition, we must emphasize once again that the input of English is as much as possible for adults and children to speak English in a targeted manner. The smaller the time, the more important it is. You can't give the task of speaking English to your child to a TV or tape recorder. Because I said before, it is useless to put English discs on children alone.
(2) Emphasis on interest development in the process of English acquisition, in line with the characteristics of the game
Generally, parents do not worry that their children can't learn Chinese well. They feel that they can learn well in the morning and evening, so they don't care about their children's level of Chinese language development. English is not the same. It is not uncommon for a child to take a small English exam after taking an English class. Such expectations may promote children's English learning performance in terms of learning. However, in the acquisition of English, parents may be disheartened because of the delay in their children's response, which may also cause anxiety in young children and lead to English learning. Failed. It has been said before that learning is an unconscious learning process for young children, so don't deliberately check your child's English development level. It is necessary to pay attention to cultivating children's interest in acquiring English. They teach children to speak English, learn English reading, and make English learning become the child's active behavior. Try not to evaluate your child's English level. It is as common as speaking English as speaking Chinese. How to do it, if you work hard for a long time, you will get a surprise.
When we watch English songs or nursery rhymes with our children at home, we often repeat them with the TV and do some simple actions like clap your hands. Adults do, the average child will follow the study, this can be pretended to be invisible. Adults just look at them with their children. Just like self-entertainment, you can mobilize your child to do it with you but don't force it. She loves to do it and does not do it. If you look at the child slipping or walking away, don't take the child back or yell at him. If you do this, the child will feel that this is a task and will be rejected from the heart. The effect is definitely not good. To pretend to be very casual, sometimes it is necessary to prevent children from watching English videos, so that children will be more enthusiastic about watching these game videos with slight opposition. Children do not have rebellious psychology. This is a way to induce him to learn by using his rebellious psychology.
(3) Refer to reading English picture books to enable children to quickly acquire English reading ability
Mom and Dad can refer to English picture books when telling stories to their children. It is to read and read the English sentence one word and one word clearly. Properly indicate the relationship between the picture and English sentences and words. You don't have to teach one word per word. After reading a book several times, the child will understand the relationship between the words and the drawings and stories. Let the child read the adult several times and the child can recite it. After reading more, I learned to read.
My family has a set of English original graded readings from NELSON CENGAGE learning. This set of readings is divided into 30 levels, which gradually increase the difficulty of reading from low to high, especially suitable for children. I don't know where the old man is from the book, but it's not all, but it's really useful. Cotton cotton was fascinated by this set of books at about 3 years old. As long as I slept with her at night, the prescribed action before going to bed was that she moved a lot of books to our bed like a mouse moving. She moved me. Stealing and hiding under the bed, so I finally pick 8 books and read these, cotton and I have to add 2 more to fight the stage, so the deal, I gave her to read these books and we will sleep again.
The physiological characteristics of young children will tirelessly require adults to read the same book until she is familiar with each of the syllables. According to the theory of sensitive period, in a certain sensitive period, a child will have a sensitivity that will cause the child's inner heart to have an unstoppable motivation, driving the child to the specific things he is interested in, generating the enthusiasm for trying or learning until the inner needs are met. Or the sensitivity is weakened, and this momentum will disappear. Even if you don't read books, at a certain time, children will ask adults to repeat the same story and ask to watch the same TV program repeatedly.
According to the study, children's sensitive period of interest in subtle things is 1.5 to 4 years old, and the sensitive period of sensory is 0 to 6 years old. From birth, children will be familiar with the environment and understand things through senses such as hearing, sight, taste and touch. Before the age of three, the child absorbed the surrounding things through the subconscious "absorbent mind." I said before that my cotton cotton learns to read English, I found that the Chinese characters in the large-character version of "Hundred Family Names" and "Thousand Characters" are marked with Chinese Pinyin. She has mastered the rules of Pinyin according to our Chinese pronunciation. So I took a few Chinese-speaking books that were pinyin, and I learned Chinese. This can also confirm the correctness of the theory of sensitive periods and sensory sensitive periods. If it is not the cotton cotton in the sensitive period, how can she sum up the Chinese phonetic rhythm based on a part of the English pronunciation foundation and the pronunciation features of Chinese characters? The most cola is because no one taught her the four sounds of Chinese Pinyin. At first, she read the Chinese characters and the foreigners. I and the old man smirked, but no one pointed out to her, let her go through it and think it would be fine.
I personally think that children's reading must start before the age of 3. The child does not exclude the recognition of words and Chinese characters during the sensitive period of subtle things. On the contrary, she is more sensitive to the difference between words or Chinese characters than other periods. Since the child has this sensitive period, he can take the trouble to ask the adults to tell the story repeatedly to watch the same TV program.
How good it is to teach children to read!
After learning to read, English acquisition and learning will be combined to consolidate existing English learning outcomes.
Another paragraph: the habit of our family, cotton cotton from childhood to try not to disturb her, sometimes it is to see her hard to do one thing and no matter her. For example, when she plays the puzzle, sometimes she is right. If she feels wrong after a few strokes, she will put it back. We are in a hurry, but we can only be anxious and cannot reach out. Only in this way can she develop and exercise her own concentration and ability to analyze problems and solve problems. When adults are in charge, children are lazy. The reason why many children grow up and learn not to worry, will not ask parents that when they are young, adults are too diligent. The child's subconscious mind is that everything is handed over to adults! After writing this book, I will write a book on how to cultivate my concentration from an early age.
Fourth, as much as possible to contact the English crowd
When I was a child, I didn’t feel much at home, but when she was a little older, she encountered new problems. She didn’t want to speak English in public, and she was gradually reluctant to say it at home.
In this respect, the real environment around us has no English language needs and a language attitude that requires English. Speaking Chinese can get all the resources that she needs to grow. For cotton cotton, there is no external environment that must speak English. . After the three years of cotton cotton, with the expansion of her life and the increase in the content of her activities, our English level has not caught up with her. As her independent English reading increased, we slowly stopped talking to her, because many times when we were still considering which word was appropriate, cotton cotton had already been told for us and sometimes asked her to do it. She also finished the thing together - it was a blush!
On the other hand, cotton wool grew up and began to have social feelings. According to Piaget's theory of children's social emotional development, the reason why cotton cotton began to consciously avoid speaking English in public is that she began to have social emotions - shame. She thinks it is inappropriate to speak English with Chinese. Cotton cotton believes that it is appropriate to speak English with English speakers. It is in line with social customs, including mothers who are embarrassed to speak English in public places, because she does not want to be different. This is not the same as before the age of 3. At that time, she did not have the consciousness of social environment constraints.
Therefore, if conditions permit, it is extremely advantageous for children to reach out to the English language as much as possible for the subsequent language development of the child.
Because there is no corresponding language environment, the subsequent English education of cotton cotton is "learned", so it has a negative impact on the language development behind her. Her language embedded structure stage is not well developed, that is, it can not be used. Fluent words express their own thoughts, which is always a regret for us. For the later "acquisition" or "learning" English, the impact of the use of English and human communication on cotton cotton is fluent, and we can't draw conclusions.