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Jewish history (3-2) chaotic Canaan national struggle

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When the Israelites turned around outside Canaan, there was a huge change in national structure within Canaan. There are several powerful kingdoms or regimes active in the two rivers. Among them, the most representative are the Amorites, the Hittites, and the Philistines .

In 2007, the Amorites invaded the two rivers and destroyed the third dynasty of Ur, established by the Akkadians and Sumerians. Around 1894 BC, the Amorites established a dynasty with the Babylonian city on the Euphrates River as the capital. Since then, Mesopotamia has been called "Babylonia", where all the inhabitants are called Babylonians. This established country is known as "Babylon." One of the great Babylonian king Hammurabi (Hammurabi Code enacted by) unified Mesopotamia, making the Babylonian civilization reached a considerable height. However, in 1750 BC, when the sixth king of Babylon died, this illustrious kingdom began to fall apart and was attacked by multiple adversaries. Among them, the invasion of the Hittites and the Kasits was the strongest.

From the western Iranian plateau edge Ka Xite people in 1743 BC, the Babylonian Kingdom conducted the first large-scale attack. Although this war did not immediately ruin the Kingdom of Babylon, after a certain balance was reached, a prolonged encroaching war began. In Hammurabi successor Sam Sue Coruna between the beginning of the reign less than a decade, is to unify Babylonia Assyria, Mali,卡尔基米什, even the "sea land" - at the top of the Persian Gulf swamp The land has been separated from Babylon. In 1595 BC, Babylon was captured and looted by the Hittites, and the glorious first kingdom of Babylon died . With the city of Babylon as the center, the Kasit people once again unified a number of city-states and established a regional kingdom of Sumer Akkad . The Kashits, who were as brave as the Hittites, spent hundreds of years in the constant civil strife and strife until the end of 729 BC, which eventually annexed the Assyrian Empire .

Unlike the Khits, the Hittites, after getting rid of the shackles of the two rivers , marched lightly and quickly swept the entire West Asian land in a rapid state. BC before the mid-13th century to the late 15th century, the Hittites and Egypt's Ramses II in 1283 BC concluded a peace treaty, the so-called " silver plate and about ." Since then, the two bordering powers have experienced a period of equilibrium that is evenly matched. It was at this time that Ramses II set off a frenzy of persecution of Jews.

The Hittite dynasty lasted for a long time. From the Aegean migration over the number of fair-skinned, prominent profile, tall handsome ethnic appeared in front of them. These were the Philistines . In the 13th century BC, the original scattered Philistines quickly emerged. They not only attacked the Egyptians at sea, but also made a determined attack on the Hittites from the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea, Syria and even wider areas. This kind of practice of unanimity between the opposing parties, Egypt and Hittite have taken tacit coordinated military actions, but the effect is minimal. Later, the Egyptians gave the trouble to the Hittites to solve the problem, which encouraged the growth of the non-profit. In the late 13th century BC, the strength of the Philistines increased rapidly, and its armed forces quickly swept through West Asia. In addition to the regionally powerful ethnic groups that have emerged in West Asia, the Sinai Peninsula, and the Mediterranean, there are some scattered ethnic groups, large and small, inside Canaan. Some of them are Israelis who have been very taboo:

1. Aachen : This nation is known for its tall and tall figure. For the first time, the Israelites knew this nation in the first visit to the border of Canaan. They are tall and strong, and they have amazing fighting power as individuals. But this nation can only be described by a loose sand. Therefore, even the powerful giants, under the attack of other peoples, can only rush and fading.

2. Lieyan people: This is also an extremely tall and strong nation. What is the relationship between this nation and the Ammonites? Some literatures suggest that the people who are illiterate are the Ammonites, and some literatures believe that their races are different. However, at least one document denies that the two peoples are very close in appearance. Perhaps they are unknown brothers with similar blood. Although it is equally tall and strong, the situation of Lishou is not as good as that of the Aachen. They had numerous number of people, but were driven Moab and Ammon, repression and broken up, leaving only a final call Bashan small countries. Although it is said that this small country has 60 cities, it is estimated that most of them are just villages and towns. The whole country is equivalent to the current one. So how big is the height of these people? It did not make exact records, only the supporting information - called the king of Bashan, Og , who is also a giant. His iron bed is 4 meters long and 1.8 meters wide.

3. Amalek: These people are old friends. When the Israelis crossed the Red Sea 40 years ago, they were sneak attacks. Their second encounter with the Israelites was in the plateau of southern Canaan. In the two wars, each wins. The hometown of the Amalekites is in the Xiqiao Mountain, a tribe of Esau. They and the Israelites formed a bloody vengeance. The war between the two sides continues. Until the last Amalek was destroyed in the Xiqiao Mountain.

4. Arabs: Arabs are nomads living in the Arabian Peninsula. They are divided into two tribes. One is called "true Arabs" and "noble" Bedouin , their ancestors called the Yucatan .

The other source is the descendants of Abraham . According to the Arabs their own records , they said Abraham named Ibrahim , called his eldest son Ismail , is the Jewish Bible calls " Ishmael ", the second son called Ibrahim Ismail Hag ( Israel ), the son of Ishag, was renamed "Israel" at the Yabo Ferry and Bethel. Bedouin mainly active in North Africa, and to the descendants of Ishmael Arabs places in West Asia Middle East area based.