This article is a thesis title, the title of the paper is generally not to use the statement, because the title is mainly used as a label, and the statement is easy to make the title have a judgmental semantics, and is not refined and eye-catching. In a few cases (review, review, and refutation), questions can be used to make the title, because the interrogative sentence has an exploratory tone and is easy to attract readers' interest. (The above content comes from Baidu Encyclopedia) Today, I recommend a paper topic for everyone to refer to.
1, the title design of the paper
Some students print the title of the teacher to you as the title, which is simple and easy. In fact, there is a difference between the title and the topic: the title design should be attractive, and the topic does not need to consider this aspect. The title of the paper gives the first impression, so it must be carefully designed. This is like a man and a woman, and it is very important to dress up and try to give each other a good first impression. A paper, whether there is interest in reading, the topic is very important. Whether the title is attractive or not affects the judgment of the instructor to the graduation thesis of the student to a certain extent.
According to a topic, after the paper is written, there are three cases in the title:
(1) The topic is the title, which is simple and easy, but often lacks attractiveness.
(2) The title is too big, the content of the article is too shallow, and the title can be changed to make the text and the title more appropriate. Otherwise, only the content is enriched and the length of the article is increased.
For example, the article entitled "Exploration of Chinese Enterprise Culture Construction", the main text is mainly from the introduction of corporate culture concept, to the development of China's corporate culture theory and practice, divided into several stages, and discusses the characteristics and typical experience of each stage, and one Series statistics. The entire article has no insights into the innovative nature of Chinese corporate culture. Obviously, the text does not match the title, and should be changed to "How Chinese enterprises build their own culture."
(3) After writing a thesis around a topic, it is more difficult to set the topic. After the article is completed, the topic is carefully fixed. Most of the students usually use "exploration...", "analysis...", "...exploration", "...preliminary", such a title is unattractive, and it appears that the document is lower and uniform. I recommend using as little or no use as possible.
2. Abstract of the paper
The abstract is a synopsis of the content, and is an intelligence material for the literature search database to repeat transmission, and is a relatively independent part. The writing should be standardized, and the requirements should be concise and clear. The purpose, content, method, result or conclusion of the thesis can be expressed in a general and unannotated manner. The abstract is not divided into paragraphs. It is written to promote the omission of the subject and save the text. It is not advisable to use non-known foreign language abbreviations and use plain language. Generally a 4,000-8,000 word paper, the abstract part is within 100 words.
Each paper (between 4,000 and 8,000 words) has 3-8 keywords; generally 5,000 words have 3-4 keywords. Keywords are generally words that appear repeatedly in the title or point of the paper.
4. Introduction or introduction (ie at the beginning)
This part guides the reader to understand the part of the paper, and its status is very important, and it must be taken seriously by the author.
The introduction can be started with a direct cut-in (open-door) and indirect-introduced (by reference to a case or from an event). Generally speaking, students who are writing for beginners should use the direct cut-in type. The indirect import method is difficult to grasp at the beginning, and it is prone to deviate from the theme. If it is not good, it will not achieve the desired effect, but will destroy the whole article. Regardless of which approach is used, the beginning of the introduction should include the contents of such sections that should be covered:
(1) Why should we choose this topic? Study the significance of the problem? Sometimes we should briefly introduce the research status of the predecessors;
(2) Which theories are mainly applied in the paper, and which method is adopted (such as investigation and research methods);
(3) Introduce the parts of the paper and the main contents of each part, which will give the reader an overall impression of the paper;
(4) Contribution of the thesis. In other words, what kind of enlightenment can you bring to the enterprise or people by writing this paper, and what can be learned from it.
5. Writing of the body
The writing of the content and structure of the text should meet the following three requirements:
(1) The topic is concentrated and highlighted.
A paper should be spread around the topic, because after all, the space is limited, and the subject should be written in a limited space. To consider what content should go up, what should not be up. For example, a paper published by the author last year in the graduating class of higher vocational marketing has more than 10,000 words in the first draft. However, the paper has the following problems: it only lists all relevant cases, has no own language, and the content is too complicated to highlight the main topics.
At the same time, each part of the article, each piece of content must have a different focus, can not cross back and repeat. Many of the manuscripts that the author has edited have such problems: the language is ambiguous, and the content is repeated between parts and segments.
In general, common sense in the field, do not introduce. A general discussion of a paper should be less, focusing on the focus of the topic. If there is a paper "On the innovation of enterprise group system", its contents include: what is the role of enterprise groups and enterprise groups, how to form enterprise groups, what problems to solve in practice, and the focus of the topic is the innovation of enterprise group system, and There is no clear explanation on how to innovate.
(2) Theory and practice.
Economic papers must combine theory with practice, and articles that use a large number of cases are more vivid and more valuable. Purely theoretical economic articles do not have much application value, except for innovative theories and reference books for a particular discipline. For example, a paper "SME Strategy Research", the whole article is based on Western theory, and generally discusses the business strategy of SMEs, but does not combine the current situation of SMEs in China. Such an article is worthless, and it can only be modified and replenished as part of the content, and it must be a large part of this article.
(3) The idea is smooth and the language is smooth.
Graduation thesis is not a prose, you can't think of anything to write. The content between the various parts of the paper should be logically linked and not separated from each other. The most basic structure of a text paper is as follows: one is to ask questions (the status quo and existing problems); the other is to analyze the problem (citing a large number of cases to analyze why these problems exist, why); the third is to solve the problem (the countermeasures and recommendations) . For example, the author's provincial project “Sustainable Development of County Industry” has the following structure: First, the sustainable development conditions and existing problems of the county industry (proposed problems); second, the sustainable development of county industries and county industrial growth. The transformation of the way (the reason for these problems is related to the extensive operation of the county industrial growth mode, enumerating many cases for analysis, and proposing to change the growth mode is the way to ensure the sustainable development of the county industry); the third is to develop the county industry Strategic vision for sustainable development (responses and recommendations). The three parts are closely related and are discussed around the central issue.
6. After (end)
It is optional, depending on the circumstances of the article. This part mainly proposes the next research direction, or the enlightenment or reference that this paper may bring to people. Simply, just a few lines or a few words, don't repeat the contents of the article, otherwise it will destroy the integrity of the article. The author found many articles in the manuscript, and there is no need to end it at all. He also used the large half-page paper to repeat the contents of the article. Purely for the sake of the number of words, the paintings were added, which destroyed the integrity of the article.
References are an important basis for determining the value of a paper. Behind the writing of the thesis, attach the name, date, etc. of the journal, the writing, the newspaper, the electronic literature, etc., which were referenced when writing the paper, so that the writing of a paper is standardized.
Journal: Author. Article title [J]. Title, year, volume (period): starting and ending page number.
Author: Author. Title [M]. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Start and end page number.
Newspaper: Author. Article title [N] Newspaper name, publication date (version).
Electronic literature: Author. Article title [J/OL] or [EB/OL]. URL, published or updated date.
In addition, when writing a thesis, the serial number of the article is also standardized. For liberal arts, especially economic papers, the basic serial numbers are as follows: 1, 2, 3... → (1), (2), (3)...→1, 2, 3...→(1), ( 2), (3) ... → 1, 2, 3... Write according to such basic serial numbers, then the layering will be particularly clear after the graduation thesis is written. Even if the content of the article is lacking in level, it is easier to modify it.
In short, to improve the quality of graduation thesis, we must do a good job in two aspects: First, follow a certain choice of ideas, do a good job; and second, standardize the writing of the thesis.
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Article - published on 2018-10-23